TNPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS IN INDIA TUTORIAL 2
Uttarakhand Landslides and Flood: a Man Made Crisis
@Haryana Government Adopted 25 Affected Villages of UttarakhandHaryana Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda on 30 June 2013 announced that the Government of Haryana adopted 25 villages of Uttarakhand that was drastically affected by landslides and heavy rains in June 2013.
Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda announced that the Haryana Government would provide financial assistance to the affected people in Uttarakhand. The Haryana government has also set up the support helpline, while also sending the relief supplies in trucks to the affected state.
In the meanwhile, around 1000 people from Haryana were rescued from Uttarakhand. The Union Government had earlier allocated 150 crore rupees as interim relief for the flood affected people of Uttarakhand.
Uttrakhand in the third week of June 2013 was stuck by flash floods and landslides. During this natural disaster in the state, thousands of people lost their life and various remained stranded. Rescue operations by Indian Army were carried out in the state. The worst affected region of Uttarakhand was Kedarnath, which is a popular Hindu shrine and receives lakhs of tourists every year during June and July.
India's Taj Mahal ranked among the Top Three Landmarks in the WorldTripAdvisor's 2013 Travellers Choice Attractions Awards ranked India's Taj Mahal among the top three landmarks in the world. Taj Mahal was ranked third in the list of Top 25 landmarks.
In 1983, it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Taj Mahal attracts 2-4 million visitors annually, with more than 200,000 from overseas. It shares the latest honour alongside Petra World Heritage Site in Jordan and Bayon Temple in Cambodia, which are ranked fourth and fifth respectively in the list of 25 top landmarks in the world.
Sydney Monorail Came to an End after 25 Years of Service
Sydney on 30 June 2013 bid adieu to the futuristic monorail, also known as white elephant. Monorail has remained the heart of Sydney for almost 25 years. It is important to note that the State Government of New South Wales in March 2013 had announced that it would bring down the rail link.
Monorail in Sydney connected the Darling Harbor to the central business district.
The government of Sydney, in turn encouraged the people to have a final ride on the monorail over the last weekend of June 2013. The proceeds of the ticket sales were meant to be given to charity.
The monorail would now have cost too heavily for the government if it would have been upgraded. Now, it would be replaced by the light rail service.
About the Sydney Monorail
• The Sydney Monorail was originally called TNT Harbourlink. It was later renamed Metro Monorail.
• It was a single-loop monorail of Sydney which connected Darling Harbour, Chinatown and the Sydney central business and shopping districts.
• It was initiated in July 1988 and was finally closed down on 30 June 2013.
• The 3.6 km loop had seen stations in all. Four trains operated simultaneously.
• It catered to the people on major attractions as well as facilities such as Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Powerhouse Museum and Sydney Aquarium.
• The Sydney Monorail was operated by Veolia.
Closure of the Sydney Monorail
• The Sydney Monorail as well as light rail service was bought by the Government of New South Wales from Metro Transport Sydney on 23 March 2012 so that it could extend the light rail service without negotiating with private owners as well as removing the monorail from Haymarket-nearby area which was required for expanded Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre.
• Finally, the operations of monorail were ceased on 30 June 2013 and eventually, it would be dismantled.
• The parts of monorail rolling stock as well as the track would be displayed at the Powerhouse museum Pymont.